Rules of Squash

Singles Rules 2019

Effective January 2019 – Version 2019-01

Changes as follows:

  • Time period allowed for the Warm up in Rule 4 .1: changed to 4 minutes with half time to be called at 2 minutes.
  • Rule 8.11 amended to read: “Freedom to strike the ball to any part of the front wall” (leaving out the word entire).
  • Rule 8.1.4 amended to read: “the freedom to strike the ball to any part of the front wall” (leaving out the word entire).
  • A new rule added 8.9.3: “Where there has been no actual contact and the swing has been held by the striker for fear of hitting the opponent, the provisions of 8.6 apply.”

About the game

  • Squash is a game that can be played at any age.
  • It is a fun game to learn, and there are modified games and equipment to suit every size and skill level. 
  • Providing players with the opportunity for life-long involvement in sport, squash is an ideal sport for people of all abilities because it can be played either as an enjoyable leisure-time activity or a competitive sport; an individual, team or mixed sport regardless of weather conditions and with little risk of injury.
  • Throughout Australia there are many opportunities to play squash, ranging from organised competitions to friendly social matches.

The Court

  • The court is an enclosed rectangular room with a flush door in the centre of the rear wall.
  • In play, all four walls and the floor are used.
  • Show courts sometimes are made of all four glass walls. 

The Racquet

  • There are many types of racquets on the market, and the best racquet is the one that feels right for you.
  • If you do not own a racquet, you can easily hire one at a squash centre.
  • Mini or junior racquets are also available for children, providing a smaller grip size for smaller hands, and a shorter shaft length to assist children learning the game.

Which ball should I use?

  • The level at which you play will determine which type of ball will be the best for you to use.
  • If you are unsure, ask at your local squash centre.
  • Children may progress from a foam ball about the same size as a tennis ball, to a rubber ball which is slightly larger than a normal squash ball.


  • When playing squash, light clothing such as a t-shirt, shorts or skirt and white soled sports shoes are recommended.

Protective Eyewear - Did you know?

All squash players who satisfy the Squash Australia age eligibility requirements for 19 years and all younger age group competitions, must wear Protective Eyewear properly over their eyes (which meets or exceeds the Australian Standards) whenever they are participating in any tournament, other competition, coaching clinic, or any other squash related activity which has been organised or sanctioned by Squash Australia and/or any of its member Associations or affiliates.